Key cyber security tips to secure your business in 2022
Businesses of all sizes would benefit from raising their awareness of the potential threats for the year ahead. Hackers are not only exploiting new vulnerabilities such as Log4Shell, but also continuing their use of tried-and-tested methods like phishing and attacking unpatched systems to compromise the security of businesses. There are also challenges in achieving compliance which will be a barrier for organisations looking to secure business and supply chain data.
The ever-growing threat landscape puts pressure on businesses to stay proactive and have the necessary cyber security measures in place to ensure their workforce, networks and infrastructure remain protected. In this blog, we look at the challenges businesses are facing and address key security tips you should consider to protect your business in 2022.
Phishing: a common threat
A new year brings along old threats and phishing remains prevalent as one of the biggest cyber security attack vectors. According to IBM’s 2021 Cost of a Data Breach Report, phishing attacks cost businesses an average of $4.65 million. These attacks target the people within a business and rely on impersonation and human error. If successful, hackers stand a good chance of eliciting sensitive information from an unwitting employee. Our research shows that a staggering 83% of data breaches occur due to phishing attacks. This, combined with a 521% increase in COVID-related phishing emails due to the Omicron variant, show that it is more important than ever to safeguard your business by training employees to identify both the obvious and more nuanced social engineering threats that phishing attacks present. In 2021, we saw a rise in LinkedIn phishing emails targeting new employees, resulting in it being the most clicked-on social media-related phishing email (42%), ahead of Facebook and Twitter.
Hackers are generally deploying LinkedIn phishing emails within the first month of a new starter joining a company, under the guise of the company’s CEO or a senior-level employee. The reason this model is successful is because it plays into the emotions of a new employee. By implying urgency, new recruits can be tricked into a phishing attack due to panic and the desire to please.
How to combat phishing in 2022
The solution is quite simple: awareness training for all staff is a crucial tactic to aid your security and stop hackers succeeding with their phishing campaigns. Look at it like this, if a new employee has no knowledge of phishing or social engineering, how likely are they to succumb to the demands of a hacker posing as their CEO requesting to purchase a gift card on their behalf or click on a suspicious link? As a result, this could lead to an employee revealing sensitive information which can be exploited for financial gain.
Consider what would happen if that same employee was trained and aware of the primary strategies used by hackers and the results of yielding to such demands from unrealistic internal requests. Training should not be underestimated or overlooked, and organisations should seek to invest in continual security training to strengthen their cyber resilience.
Changing default credentials is a necessity
If businesses are serious about protecting their data and personal information, then changing default credentials is a no-brainer, right? Default credentials are assigned by developers or manufacturers to allow access to software or hardware devices during initial setup. So, when these credentials are not changed, it is generally due to complacency or ignorance by IT admins. Time and resources are also factors for IT admins to ignore changing default passwords.
Even the most novice of hackers will understand that the path of least resistance is the one most likely to be successful for an attack. Default credentials can be easily accessed over the internet, therefore businesses could be leaving themselves open to opportunistic attacks. Common devices and systems which can use default credentials include:
- Wi-Fi routers
- IoT devices
From observing our honeypot data in 2021, it is clear hackers are using default credentials as a means of carrying out brute-force attacks. For example, our cyber security research showed multiple brute-force attempts using default Raspberry Pi credentials. We know that hackers would not use these methods if they were not successful or so easily available on the internet, so this indicates a trend of poor password management. Failing to change default credentials is a rookie mistake and one which can lead to hackers infiltrating servers to plant malware, manipulating networks and devices, and stealing sensitive data once they have access.
Data from our 2022 report shows passwords like ‘<No Pass>’, ‘admin’ and ‘PASswoRD’ were the top 3 credentials used to attempt to infiltrate our honeypot servers. Generic passwords like these are enticing for hackers and unlikely to thwart them from breaching systems. However, passwords which are unique, memorable, and avoid using personal information such as names or destinations will be harder for hackers to guess. Adding multi-factor authentication (MFA) will also add an additional layer of protection to secure your business. To secure your business it is imperative to change default credentials to prevent hackers from easily breaching your systems and accessing company and personal information.
Managing risk with timely patching
Patching should be a key component of a business’ security plan. Keeping operating systems and software up to date is one of the best ways to safeguard your network against security breaches. However, upgrade costs, system downtime, compatibility issues and a lack of resources are all major factors in why patching can get ignored. It can also be time-consuming, so businesses with under-resourced IT teams will fall short of deploying patches quickly and consistently. For example, outdated libraries and components ranked in our top vulnerabilities found during penetration testing in 2021. When businesses don’t patch, they effectively leave the door wide open for hackers to exploit vulnerable systems.
It’s worth mentioning that patching alone won’t secure businesses against every cyber security threat. The Log4j vulnerability which came to light at the end of 2021 was an example of this. Organisations were instructed by CISA to immediately “assume compromise and to update or isolate affected assets” whilst hunting for malicious activity. Cyber security vendors were also instructed to inform end-users of products which may include the vulnerability and to update software as a priority. However, the initial release of patches did not fully address all discovered issues in Log4j, leaving applications exposed and not completely protected against vulnerability. Moving quickly to fix unpatched systems is important to prevent hackers from attacking weakened systems and exploits like Log4j vulnerability.
A well-executed patch management policy focusing on scheduling, prioritisation, testing, deployment, monitoring and reporting can help businesses maintain a regular patching process and ensure that it doesn’t get neglected. Nevertheless, even with a patch management policy in place, unless organisations have a dedicated security team to manage patching correctly and efficiently, businesses will continue to be at risk of cyber-attacks. To ensure the security of your business, it is crucial that updates don’t fall through the cracks and patching is executed in a timely manner.
Importance of compliance
Maintaining compliance is important in order to meet baseline security standards. GDPR, Cyber Essentials, ISO 27001, PCI DSS… the list goes on, but each regulation and legislation is in place to serve a purpose – to help protect the data of businesses, their customers and their supply chain. When delivered correctly, compliance can also help a business differentiate from their competition, develop brand awareness and increase customer trust by demonstrating a commitment to security best practice.
The complexity and lack of understanding of compliance proves to be a hurdle for many businesses. Changes in compliance can prove challenging to organisations who lack the expertise or guidance on how to stay ISO compliant. In 2021, businesses failing to implement the ISO 27001 standard was simply because of a lack of understanding of what it is. ISO 27001 is beneficial not just for your business but for the security of your supply chain as it demonstrates your business is working to the highest security standards. However, changes in policies and standards are also needed to reflect the ever-evolving business landscape, with the most significant shift being businesses adopting new working practices since the COVID-19 pandemic. This was one of the main drivers for new changes being introduced to ISO 27001 and Cyber Essentials certification for 2022.
We understand the difficulties that businesses can face in achieving certification and compliance. To combat this, seeking guidance and accruing knowledge on the importance of compliance and how it can help secure your business can help break down these barriers and ensure you are equipped to achieve compliance with confidence. To secure your business and remain compliant, it is also necessary to adopt a culture where compliance plays an integral part of your risk management and cyber resilience strategy for 2022 and beyond.
Key actions for businesses in 2022
Cyber threats will continue to evolve but also present businesses with many of the existing threats we’ve encountered in previous years. Understanding your evolving threat landscape and addressing existing gaps in your cyber security strategy will help to strengthen your cyber resilience. So, here are some key actions for you to consider in 2022 to secure your business and minimise the threat of a cyber-attack.
- Invest in cyber security training for 2022. Cyber security training can boost your workforce’s awareness of the most common cyber threats to help secure your business as your first line of defence.
- Ensure default passwords are changed when installing and introducing new software or devices into the business. A strong password policy is crucial to the security of data while additional layers of security are recommended to secure your business and personal information.
- Secure your business by updating operating systems and software as soon as new patches become available. Patching is important and will be key to preventing hackers.
- Make sure you are compliance ready for 2022 amidst changes to Cyber Essentials and ISO 27001. Additionally, understanding the importance of compliance and keeping up to date with changes will help secure your business from security breaches which result in fines and reputational damage.
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